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Geography

Volcanoes

Home learning focus

 

Learn about volcanoes, including what they are and what makes them erupt.

This lesson includes:

  • two short films on volcanoes

  • two activities to build your knowledge

 

Learn

 

What are volcanoes?

volcano is an opening in the Earth’s crust that allows magma, hot ash and gases to escape.

Volcanoes can look like mountains or small hills, depending on what type they are.

Magma is molten rock - rock that is so hot it has turned into liquid.

When magma reaches the surface of the Earth it is called lava and comes out of the volcano as a volcanic eruption, along with gases and ash.

In the following video, Sue Venir gives an introduction to volcanoes.

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